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The Uneven Development of Science and Its Effects on Neurophysiological Theory and Clinical Practice

O'Kelly, Gregory (2002) The Uneven Development of Science and Its Effects on Neurophysiological Theory and Clinical Practice.

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At the start of the 20th century the physical sciences began to investigate more extensively the role of the electron both in chemistry and in electricity. At the same time biology in general and neuroscience in particular retained a 19th century treatment of electricity which allowed it to be considered an atomic or molecular phenomenon. Consequently the chemistry behind cell membrane voltages was dismissed by biologists who preferred to think of these voltages as due to ion concentration gradients. In the field of neurophysiology, despite the long held belief that the nervous system functioned electrically, there was perpetuated a treatment of the phenomenon of electricity that was archaic. This showed up as the perpetuation of that field's clinical inconsequence for the remainder of the 20th century. Only when neuroscience and biology update treatments of electricity to the 20th century will they be able to resolve current problems like the functional organization of chemistry to allow for life, and the simulation of the nerve impulse which would thereby allow for a way to restore muscle without having to use it.

EPrint Type:Preprint
Keywords:quantum mechanics, proton pump, chemiosmotic hypothesis, electrons, beta radiation, alpha radiation, disuse atrophy, ion gradient, Nernst equation, electrochemistry, primary cell, electolytic cell
Subjects:Chronology > 19th Century
Chronology > 20th Century
Geography > Europe
Geography > North America
History > Intellectual
Psychology > Neurology/Neuroscience
Theory > Philosophy of Science
ID Code:78
Deposited By:O'Kelly, Gregory
Deposited On:12 August 2002