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Between the Laboratory and Life: Child Development Research in Toronto, 1919-1956

Pols, Dr Hans (2002) Between the Laboratory and Life: Child Development Research in Toronto, 1919-1956. History of Psychology 5(2):pp. 135-162.

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Abstract

Between 1919 and 1956, psychologists at the University of Toronto built a research program in developmental psychology on a functionalist, holistic, and ecological basis. They conducted longitudinal studies on mental health in growing children in educational settings instead of in laboratories and formed strong alliances with the local educational system in order to do so. They initially defined mental health as adjustment and considered conditions within schools to be conducive to its attainment. After developing a psychological theory of personality development, they came to view educational conditions as discouraging the development of mental health. The alliance between the educational system and psychology consequently unraveled, and the program declined.

EPrint Type:Journal (Paginated)
Keywords:natural history model of research child development canada, 1910-1950
Subjects:Chronology > 20th Century
Geography > North America
Psychology > Child/Developmental
ID Code:186
Deposited By:Pols, Hans
Deposited On:18 August 2003
Alternative Locations:http://www.usyd.edu.au/hps/staff/hans/toronto.htm

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