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Origenes de la investigación sobre la dependencia a las drogas [Origins of research on drug dependence]

Colotla, Victor A. (1987) Origenes de la investigación sobre la dependencia a las drogas [Origins of research on drug dependence]. Revista Sonorense de Psicologia 1(2):pp. 67-71.

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Abstract

Although since last century it was acknowledged that infra-human animals share with human beings complex behaviors such as memory and attention, even by the mid-thirties of this century the prevalent notion with respect to drug addiction was that it could not be studied in animals. Pioneer research by S. D. Spragg, in which he demonstrated that chimpanzees showed “craving” for the drug and that they performed instrumental behaviors to obtain them, helped change that notion and allowed the conceptualization of drug-searching behavior as operant behavior. Subsequent work that allowed the automatic delivery of drug doses in previously implanted animals led to the development of the study of drug self-administration in animals, with implications to the understanding of this problem behavior in human beings.

EPrint Type:Journal (Paginated)
Keywords:history of psychopharmacology, S. D. Spragg, operant conditioning, drug self-administration, drug addiction
Subjects:Chronology > 20th Century
ID Code:244
Deposited By:Colotla, Dr. Victor A.
Deposited On:07 March 2005